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BMC Genetics

, 14:125

Statistical and computational genetics


BackgroundMany QTL studies have two common features: 1 often there is missing marker information, 2 among many markers involved in the biological process only a few are causal. In statistics, the second issue falls under the headings -sparsity- and -causal inference-. The goal of this work is to develop a two-step statistical methodology for QTL mapping for markers with binary genotypes. The first step introduces a novel imputation method for missing genotypes. Outcomes of the proposed imputation method are probabilities which serve as weights to the second step, namely in weighted lasso. The sparse phenotype inference is employed to select a set of predictive markers for the trait of interest.

ResultsSimulation studies validate the proposed methodology under a wide range of realistic settings. Furthermore, the methodology outperforms alternative imputation and variable selection methods in such studies. The methodology was applied to an Arabidopsis experiment, containing 69 markers for 165 recombinant inbred lines of a F8 generation. The results confirm previously identified regions, however several new markers are also found. On the basis of the inferred ROC behavior these markers show good potential for being real, especially for the germination trait Gmax.

ConclusionsOur imputation method shows higher accuracy in terms of sensitivity and specificity compared to alternative imputation method. Also, the proposed weighted lasso outperforms commonly practiced multiple regression as well as the traditional lasso and adaptive lasso with three weighting schemes. This means that under realistic missing data settings this methodology can be used for QTL identification.

KeywordsArabidopsis Germination traits QTL mapping Recombinant inbred line RIL Binary genotypes Likelihood-based genotype imputation Sparse variable selection Weighted lasso Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2156-14-125 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Nino Demetrashvili - Edwin R Van den Heuvel - Ernst C Wit


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