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Radiation Oncology

, 9:275

Clinical Radiation Oncology

Abstract

In the last few years, hypofractionated external beam radiotherapy has gained increasing popularity for prostate cancer treatment, since sufficient evidence exists that prostate cancer has a low α-β ratio, lower than the one of the surrounding organs at risk and thus there is a potential therapeutic benefit of using larger fractionated single doses.
Apart from the therapeutic rationale there are advantages such as saving treatment time and medical resources and thereby improving patient’s convenience.
While older trials showed unsatisfactory results in both standard and hypofractionated arm due to insufficient radiation doses and non-standard contouring of target volumes, contemporary randomized studies have reported on encouraging results of tumor control mostly without an increase of relevant side effects, especially late toxicity.
Aim of this review is to give a detailed analysis of relevant, recently published clinical trials with special focus on rationale for hypofractionation and different therapy settings.

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Autor: Nina-Sophie Hegemann - Matthias Guckenberger - Claus Belka - Ute Ganswindt - Farkhad Manapov - Minglun Li

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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