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1 JHU - Johns Hopkins University 2 Georgetown University 3 NUS - National University of Singapore

Abstract : We generalize the technique of smoothed analysis to distributed algorithms in dynamic networks. Whereas standard smoothed analysis studies the impact of small random perturbations of input values on algorithm performance metrics, dynamic graph smoothed analysis studies the impact of random perturbations of the underlying changing network graph topologies. Similar to the original application of smoothed analysis, our goal is to study whether known strong lower bounds in dynamic network models are robust or fragile: do they withstand small random perturbations, or do such deviations push the graphs far enough from a precise pathological instance to enable much better performance? Fragile lower bounds are likely not relevant for real-world deployment, while robust lower bounds represent a true difficulty caused by dynamic behavior. We apply this technique to three standard dynamic network problems with known strong worst-case lower bounds: random walks, flooding, and aggregation. We prove that these bounds provide a spectrum of robustness when subjected to smoothing—some are extremely fragile random walks, some are moderately fragile - robust flooding, and some are extremely robust aggregation.

Autor: Michael Dinitz - Jeremy Fineman - Seth Gilbert - Calvin Newport -



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