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Abstract

Are fertility responses to local unemployment homogenous across sub-demographicgroups? This paper investigates how changes in local unemployment rates affect householdfertility decisions in England while taking sub-demographic differences into account.Recognizing that labor market status is a major determinant of child rearingdecision, and assuming that children are normal goods, this paper hypothesizes that anincrease in male and female unemployment will have different effects on the current periodfertility. Using the Labor Force Survey and Birth Statistics data from the Office forNational Statistics, this study shows that female unemployment tends to increase birthswhereas male unemployment has the opposite effect. More importantly, reported resultsindicate that unemployment and fertility relation exhibits strong age group and educationalattainment gradients. In addition, a persistent counter-cyclical fertility pattern hasalso been documented at the ceremonial county level.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Are Fertility Responses to Local Unemployment Shocks Homogenous Across Social Strata? Evidence from England, 1994 to 2010-

Language: English-

Keywords: Unemployment, Fertility-

Subjects: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility ; Family Planning ; Child Care ; Children ; YouthJ - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J19 - OtherJ - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J23 - Labor Demand-





Autor: Aksoy, Cevat Giray

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/58292/







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