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1 HKU - The University of Hong Kong

Abstract : We study numerically the dynamics of jets and drops in a microcapillary co-flow device. The co-flow stream encounters different flow regimes, including dripping, jetting. Using a level-set-finite element axysimmetric numerical simulation, we study the dynamics of breakup of a jet subject to flow rate perturbations. A scaling law for the width of the unperturbed jet is presented and compared to existing experimental results as well as numerical measurements. Then, we show that the introduction of a sinusoidal perturbation of the inner fluid flow rate can facilitate breakup of the fluid in regimes where a jet is usually observed. Moreover, the flow rate perturbation leads to a good control over the size and the frequency of the resulting droplets. Using theoretical modelling, we provide a criterion to determine the optimal frequency to break up the jet. We also derive scaling laws to determine the volume of inner fluid encapsulated in the emulsion droplets as a function of the frequency and to estimate the distance for the jet to break up as a function of the amplitude of perturbation. These scaling laws are in good agreement with results of numerical simulations. Our work suggests a novel approach and offers guiding principles to break up liquid jets in cases where dripping is difficult to achieve.

keyword : numerical simulation droplet breakup microfluidics

Author: Alban Sauret - Ho Cheung Shum -



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