Oral proteasome inhibitor with strong preclinical efficacy in myeloma modelsReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Cancer

, 16:247

Experimental therapeutics and drug development

Abstract

BackgroundThe proteasome is a validated anti-cancer target and various small-molecule inhibitors are currently in clinical development or on the market. However, adverse events and resistance associated with those proteasome inhibitors indicate the need for a new generation of drugs. Therefore, we focused on developing an oral proteasome inhibitor with improved efficacy and safety profiles.

MethodThe in vitro inhibition of the 20S proteasome catalytic activities was determined in human multiple myeloma MM cellular lysates with fluorogenic peptide substrates specific for each catalytic subunit. Cell cytotoxicity was assessed with the ATP bioluminescence assay using human cell samples from tumor cell lines, MM patients or normal healthy donors. In mice bearing human MM xenografts, a single dose of LC53-0110 was administered orally, and concentration-time profiles of LC53-0110 and the 20S proteasome catalytic activities in plasma, blood, and tumor were determined. The efficacy of repeat-dose compound with regard to tumor growth inhibition in vivo was also evaluated in the same MM xenograft models.

ResultsLC53-0110 is far more specific for the chymotrypsin-like proteolytic β5 site of the 20S proteasome as compared to bortezomib, carfilzomib, or ixazomib. LC53-0110 treatment showed accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins, inhibited cell viability with a low nM range potency in various tumor cell lines, and showed potent activity on CD138 cells isolated from MM patients who are resistant-refractory to current FDA-approved drug treatment. When a single dose was administered orally to tumor-bearing mice, LC53-0110 showed both greater maximum and sustained tumor proteasome inhibition as compared with ixazomib in MM xenograft models. The robust pharmacodynamic responses in tumor correlated with tumor growth regression. In addition, LC53-0151, an analog of LC53-0110, in combination with pomalidomide, a third-generation immunomodulatory drug, showed synergistic inhibition of tumor growth both in vitro and in the xenograft mouse model.

ConclusionsIn view of the in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo profiles, further investigation of additional LC compounds in preclinical studies is warranted for the nomination of a clinical development candidate.

KeywordsMultiple myeloma Proteasome inhibitor Oral drug Combination therapy Pomalidomide AbbreviationsC-Lcaspase-like

CT-Lchymotrypsin-like

MMmultiple myeloma

T-Ltrypsin-like

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12885-016-2285-2 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Jonghoon Park - Eok Park - Cheol-Kyu Jung - Seung-Wan Kang - Byung Gyu Kim - Youngjoo Jung - Tae Hun Kim - Ji-Young Lim

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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