The cold responsive mechanism of the paper mulberry: decreased photosynthesis capacity and increased starch accumulationReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Genomics

, 16:898

Plant genomics


BackgroundMost studies on the paper mulberry are mainly focused on the medicated and pharmacology, fiber quality, leaves feed development, little is known about its mechanism of adaptability to abiotic stress. Physiological measurement, transcriptomics and proteomic analysis were employed to understand its response to cold stress in this study.

MethodsThe second to fourth fully expanded leaves from up to down were harvested at different stress time points forthe transmission electron microscope TEM observation. Physiological characteristics measurement included the relative electrolyte leakage REL, SOD activity assay, soluble sugar content, and Chlorophyll fluorescence parameter measurement. For screening of differentially expressed genes, the expression level of every transcript in each sample was calculated by quantifying the number of Illumina reads. To identify the differentially expressed protein, leaves of plants under 0, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h cold stress wereharvested for proteomic analysis. Finally, real time PCR was used to verify the DEG results of the RNA-seq and the proteomics data.

ResultsResults showed that at the beginning of cold stress, respiratory metabolism was decreased and the transportation and hydrolysis of photosynthetic products was inhibited, leading to an accumulation of starch in the chloroplasts. Total of 5800 unigenes and 38 proteins were affected, including the repressed expression of photosynthesis and the enhanced expression in signal transduction, stress defense pathway as well as secondary metabolism. Although the transcriptional level of a large number of genes has been restored after 12 h, sustained cold stress brought more serious injury to the leaf cells, including the sharp rise of the relative electrolyte leakage, the declined Fv-Fm value, swelled chloroplast and the disintegrated membrane system.

ConclusionThe starch accumulation and the photoinhibition might be the main adaptive mechanism of the paper mulberry responded to cold stress. Most of important, enhancing the transport and hydrolysis of photosynthetic products could be the potential targets for improving the cold tolerance of the paper mulberry.

KeywordsPaper mulberry Transcriptomics Proteomics Abiotic stress Starch synthesis Xianjun Peng and Linhong Teng are the co-first author.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12864-015-2047-6 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Xianjun Peng - Linhong Teng - Xueqing Yan - Meiling Zhao - Shihua Shen


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