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Abstract

Background: To investigate the association between public health spending and probability of infant and child death in India.

Methods: We used data from the three rounds of National Family Health Survey NFHS conducted in India during 1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06 to investigate the association between public health spending and probability of infant and child death. We used data from the birth history of three NFHS rounds to create state-year panels of births, infant and child deaths, state-level public finance variables, food grain production, household and individual variables for the period 1980-2005. Two-stage probit regression model is used to investigate the association. State-level per capita gross fiscal deficit is used as an instrument for estimating two-stage probit model.

Findings: Findings suggest association between public health spending and infant and child mortality in India. A 10% increase in per capita public health spending is likely to reduce the probability of infant and child deaths by 0•005 95% CI: 0•003, 0•007 and 0•003 95% CI: 0•002, 0•004 respectively. The second and third lags of public health spending were also statistically significant. Other factors affecting infant and child death were sex of the child, birth order, mother’s age at birth of the index child, mother’s schooling and urban-rural residence.

Interpretation: Public health spending was associated with probability of infant and child death in India. Our findings lend support to the government’s initiative to increase public health spending in India.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Public health spending and infant and child mortality in India: a state-year panel analysis-

Language: English-

Keywords: India, Public Spending on Health, infant and child mortality, Endogeneity, two-stage probit regression, instrument-

Subjects: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I18 - Government Policy ; Regulation ; Public HealthI - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and PovertyI - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I38 - Government Policy ; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs-





Autor: Kaushal, Kaushalendra Kumar

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/52425/







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