Extracellular proteins of Trametes hirsuta st. 072 induced by copper ions and a lignocellulose substrateReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Microbiology

, 16:106

First Online: 13 June 2016Received: 07 August 2015Accepted: 06 June 2016DOI: 10.1186-s12866-016-0729-0

Cite this article as: Vasina, D.V., Pavlov, A.R. & Koroleva, O.V. BMC Microbiol 2016 16: 106. doi:10.1186-s12866-016-0729-0

Abstract

BackgroundFungi are organisms with the highest natural capacity to degrade lignocellulose substrates, which is enabled by complex systems of extracellular enzymes, whose expression and secretion depend on the characteristics of substrates and the environment.

ResultsThis study reports a secretome analysis for white-rot basidiomycete Trametes hirsuta cultivated on a synthetic media and a lignocellulose substrate. We demonstrate that T. hirsuta st. 072 produces multiple extracellular ligninolytic, cellulolytic, hemicellulolytic, peroxide generating, and proteolytic enzymes, as well as cerato-platanins. In contrast to other white rot species described earlier, which mostly secreted glucanases and mannosidases in response to the presence of the lignocellulose substrate, T. hirsuta expressed a spectrum of extracellular cellulolytic enzymes containing predominantly cellobiases and xylanases. As proteomic analysis could not detect lignin peroxidase LiP among the secreted lignin degrading enzymes, we attributed the observed extracellular LiP - like activity to the expressed versatile peroxidase VP. An accessory enzyme, glyoxal oxidase, was found among the proteins secreted in the media during submerged cultivation of T. hirsuta both in the presence and in the absence of copper. However, aryl-alcohol oxidase AAO was not identified, despite the presence of AAO enzymatic activity secreted by the fungus.

The spectra of the expressed enzymes dramatically changed depending on the growth conditions. Transfer from submerged cultivation to surface cultivation with the lignocellulose substrate switched off expression of exo-β-1,3-glucanase and α-amylase and turned on secretion of endo-β-1,3-glucanase and a range of glycosidases. In addition, an aspartic peptidase started being expressed instead of family S53 protease. For the first time, we report production of cerato-platanin proteins by Trametes species. The secretion of cerato-platanins was observed only in response to contact with lignocellulose, thus indicating a specific role of these proteins in degradation of the lignocellulose substrates.

ConclusionsOur results suggest a sequential mechanism of natural substrate degradation by T. hirsuta, in which the fungus produces different sets of enzymes to digest all main components of the substrate during cultivation.

KeywordsWhite-rot fungi Secretome profiling Lignolytic enzymes Lignocellulose degradation Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12866-016-0729-0 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Daria V. Vasina - Andrey R. Pavlov - Olga V. Koroleva

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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