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Journal of Neuro-Oncology

pp 1–6

First Online: 02 June 2017Received: 22 January 2017Accepted: 29 May 2017DOI: 10.1007-s11060-017-2518-5

Cite this article as: Zhang, T., Yang, Z. & Gao, H. J Neurooncol 2017. doi:10.1007-s11060-017-2518-5

Abstract

Pituitary adenomas PAs, single-clone adenomas arising from pituitary gland cells, comprise one of the most frequent tumors found in the sella region. The prevalence of PAs is approximately 15%, third only after gliomas and meningioma among intracranial tumors. Autopsy and radiological analysis found that the incidence of PAs is approximately 22.5%. Most PAs are benign, although a few are malignant. Just 0.1% of patients with PAs develop pituitary carcinoma. However, owing to mass effects and unregulated secretion of pituitary hormones, PAs also lead to serious morbidity. The low rate of diagnosis at onset and the lack of effective treatments for patients with recurrent disease increase the morbidity rates. Therefore, there is an urgent need to ascertain the pathological mechanism of PAs for improved diagnosis and development of specific therapies. At present, the pathogenesis of PAs is poorly understood; however, disruption of the cell cycle is known to play an important role. MicroRNAs are short noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and play a role in regulating genes involved in carcinogenesis or tumor suppression. Previous studies have demonstrated a strong connection between dysregulation of microRNAs and dysregulation of the cell cycle in PAs. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in the study of microRNA dysregulation resulting in disruption of the cell cycle in PAs.

KeywordsCell cycle MicroRNA Pathogenesis Pituitary Adenomas Ting Zhang and Zijiang Yang authors contributed equally to this work.

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Autor: Ting Zhang - Zijiang Yang - Heng Gao

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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