Mothers, Wives, Housekeepers and More Maria Feodorovna and Women's Education in Russia, 1796-1828Report as inadecuate

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Mariia Feodorovna, Russia, Women's Education, Foundling Homes, 1759-1828, Maria Feodorovna, Smol'nyi, pedagogical mother, Smolny, 1796-1828

Fairholm, Meagan

Supervisor and department: Coleman, Heather History and Classics

Examining committee member and department: Pogosjan, Jelena Modern Languages and Cultural Studies Marples, David History and Classics Carter, Sarah History and Classics

Department: Department of History and Classics

Specialization: History

Date accepted: 2013-09-24T16:44:21Z

Graduation date: 2013-11

Degree: Master of Arts

Degree level: Master's

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to challenge the commonly-held notion that Empress Maria Feodorovna’s 1759-1828 girls’ schools in Russia were meant to raise nothing more than wives, mothers, and housekeepers. Taking Maria Feodorovna’s social conservatism into account, it explores the curricula of her educational establishments 1 for noble girls like Smol’nyi, 2 for girls from the meshchanstvo, and 3 the Foundling Homes, and argues that the programs offered, which included training courses for governesses and midwives, were vocational and pragmatic in nature, given the stratified estate system in place in the Russian Empire at that time. Incorporating the persona of the -pedagogical mother- into her -scenario of power,- Maria Feodorovna used a mixture of motherly compassion and iron willpower to reinforce her authority. Furthermore, despite the inherent inequality of the estate-divisions in her institutes, Maria Feodorovna, a vigilant micromanager, tried to enforce the concepts of justice and impartiality in her schools.

Language: English

DOI: doi:10.7939-R3HQ3S54K

Rights: Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.

Author: Fairholm, Meagan



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