Cytotype coexistence in the field cannot be explained by inter-cytotype hybridization alone: linking experiments and computer simulations in the sexual species Pilosella echioides AsteraceaeReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Evolutionary Biology

, 17:87

First Online: 23 March 2017Received: 27 February 2015Accepted: 10 March 2017DOI: 10.1186-s12862-017-0934-y

Cite this article as: Chrtek, J., Herben, T., Rosenbaumová, R. et al. BMC Evol Biol 2017 17: 87. doi:10.1186-s12862-017-0934-y

Abstract

BackgroundProcesses driving ploidal diversity at the population level are virtually unknown. Their identification should use a combination of large-scale screening of ploidy levels in the field, pairwise crossing experiments and mathematical modelling linking these two types of data. We applied this approach to determine the drivers of frequencies of coexisting cytotypes in mixed-ploidy field populations of the fully sexual plant species Pilosella echioides. We examined fecundity and ploidal diversity in seeds from all possible pairwise crosses among 2x, 3x and 4x plants. Using these data, we simulated the dynamics of theoretical panmictic populations of individuals whose progeny structure is identical to that determined by the hybridization experiment.

ResultsThe seed set differed significantly between the crossing treatments, being highest in crosses between diploids and tetraploids and lowest in triploid-triploid crosses. The number of progeny classes with respect to embryo and endosperm ploidy ranged from three in the 2x-2x cross to eleven in the 3x-3x cross. Our simulations demonstrate that, provided there is no difference in clonal growth and-or survival between cytotypes, it is a clear case of minority cytotype exclusion depending on the initial conditions with two stable states, neither of which corresponds to the ploidal structure in the field: i with prevalent diploids and lower proportions of other ploidies, and ii with prevalent tetraploids and 9% of hexaploids. By contrast, if clonal growth differs between cytotypes, minority cytotype exclusion occurs only if the role of sexual reproduction is high; otherwise differences in clonal growth are sufficient to maintain triploid prevalence as observed in the field independently of initial conditions.

ConclusionsThe projections of our model suggest that the ploidal structure observed in the field can only be reached via a relatively high capacity for clonal growth and proportionally lower sexual reproduction in all cytotypes combined with higher clonal growth in the prevailing cytotype 3x.

KeywordsPolyploidy Cytotype diversity Mating interactions Pilosella echioides Minority cytotype exclusion Triploid bridge  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Jindřich Chrtek - Tomáš Herben - Radka Rosenbaumová - Zuzana Münzbergová - Zuzana Dočkalová - Jaroslav Zahradníček

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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