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BMC Public Health

, 13:293

Environmental health

Abstract

BackgroundWith the rapid aging of populations around the world, dementia has become one of the most important public health problems in Eastern Asian countries. The purpose of the present study was to provide an estimate of the burden of dementia and forecast its future burden, as generalized to the Korean population, and to provide detailed gender- and age-specific information regarding the burden of dementia in the elderly population of Korea.

Methods‘Disability-adjusted life years’ DALYs were used to estimate the burden of dementia. Epidemiologic data from national statistics and nationwide epidemiologic studies in the year 2008 were used to obtain representative outcomes for the Korean population. We estimated the DALYs due to dementia from the years 2010 to 2050 by applying demographic structure projections in terms of 5-year age groups in Korea.

ResultsThe burden of disease due to dementia in Korea is 528 per 100,000 population males: 435, females: 622 and 5,117 per 100,000 in those over the age of 65 years males: 5,228; females: 5,041; this accounts for 4.5% of the total burden of disease in the year 2008. In the year 2050, DALYs due to dementia 814,629 are expected to be 3.0 times higher than those in the year 2010 274,849.

ConclusionDementia has the highest burden of disease in the elderly Korean population, and this burden will increase sharply with the aging of the population. More comprehensive and multi-dimensional approaches, including clinical, psychological, social, and political means will be needed for the management of the dramatically increasing burden of dementia.

KeywordsDementia Burden of disease DALY Alzheimer-s disease AbbreviationsADAlzheimer’s disease

CERAD-KKorean version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer-s Disease Assessment Packet

DALYDisability-adjusted life years

DSM-IVDiagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th Revision

GBDGlobal burden of disease

MRIMagnetic resonance imaging

NINCDS-ADRDANational Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders Association

NINDS-AIRENNational Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke-Association Internationale pour la Recherche et l’Enseignement en Neurosciences

VaDVascular dementia

WHOWorld Health Organization

WPROWestern Pacific Regional Office of World Health Organization

YLDYears lived with disability

YLLYears of life lost

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-13-293 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Jae-Hyun Park - Jin-Hee Eum - Bolor Bold - Hae-Kwan Cheong

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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