A cross-sectional study of secondhand smoke exposure and respiratory symptoms in non-current smokers in the U.S. trucking industry: SHS exposure and respiratory symptomsReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 13:93

Environmental health

Abstract

BackgroundPrevious studies have suggested associations of adult exposures to secondhand smoke SHS with respiratory symptoms, but no study has focused on blue-collar industrial environments. We assessed the association between SHS and respiratory symptoms in 1,562 non-current smoking U.S. trucking industry workers.

MethodsInformation on SHS exposure and respiratory health was obtained by questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to assess the associations of recent and lifetime exposures to SHS with chronic phlegm, chronic cough, and any wheeze, defined by American Thoracic Society criteria.

ResultsIn analyses adjusted for age, gender, race, childhood SHS exposure, former smoking, pack-years of smoking and years since quitting, body mass index, job title, region of the country, and urban residence, recent exposures to SHS were associated with all three respiratory symptoms odds ratio OR = 1.46; 95% confidence interval CI = 1.00-2.13 for chronic cough, 1.55 95% CI = 1.08-2.21 for chronic phlegm, and 1.76 95% CI = 1.41-2.21 for any wheeze. Workplace exposure was the most important recent exposure. Childhood exposure to SHS was also associated with all three symptoms, but only statistically significantly for chronic phlegm OR = 1.84; 95% CI = 1.24-2.75. Additional years of living with a smoker were associated with an increased risk, but there was no evidence of a dose–response, except for chronic phlegm.

ConclusionsIn this group of trucking industry workers, childhood and recent exposures to SHS were related to respiratory symptoms.

KeywordsOccupational health Secondhand smoke Respiratory symptoms AbbreviationsSHSSecondhand smoke

BMIBody mass index.

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Autor: Francine Laden - Yueh-Hsiu Chiu - Eric Garshick - S Katharine Hammond - Jaime E Hart

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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