Objective assessment of urban built environment related to physical activity — development, reliability and validity of the China Urban Built Environment Scan Tool CUBESTReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 14:109

Biostatistics and methods

Abstract

BackgroundSome aspects of the neighborhood built environment may influence residents’ physical activity, which in turn, affects their health. This study aimed to develop an urban built environment evaluation tool and conduct necessary reliability and validity tests.

MethodsA 41-item urban built environment scan tool was developed to objectively assess the neighborhood built environment features related to physical activity. Six neighborhoods in Hangzhou were selected from three types of administrative planning units. A pair of auditors independently assessed all of the 205 street segments at the same time. Half of the segments n = 104 were audited twice by the same auditor after a two-week time interval. Inter-rater reliability was assessed by comparing the audits of paired observers, while intra-rater reliability was evaluated by comparing an auditor’s repeated assessments of the same segments. The construct validity was tested using factor analysis.

ResultsThe inter-rater reliability for most items was above 0.8. The intra-rater reliability for most items was above 0.4, and was lower than corresponding inter-rater reliability. Six factors were extracted by factor analysis and the factor loading matrix showed good construct validity.

ConclusionsThe CUBEST is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used to assess the physical activity-related built environment in Hangzhou, and potentially other cities in China.

KeywordsEnvironmental scan Physical activity Reliability Validity  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Meng Su - Yu-kun Du - Qing-min Liu - Yan-jun Ren - Ichiro Kawachi - Jun Lv - Li-ming Li

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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