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Journal of Diabetes Research - Volume 2017 2017, Article ID 6074760, 7 pages - https:-doi.org-10.1155-2017-6074760

Research Article

Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea St. Vincent’s Hospital, Suwon, Republic of Korea

Health Promotion Center, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea St. Vincent’s Hospital, Suwon, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Sung-Goo Kang

Received 15 February 2017; Accepted 21 May 2017; Published 19 June 2017

Academic Editor: Samy McFarlane

Copyright © 2017 Ko-Woon Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. Smoking is a major risk factor for diabetes mellitus, mainly due to decreased insulin secretion and increased insulin resistance. However, there has been little research on the effects of smoking cessation period on changes in insulin resistance. In this study, we investigated the relationships between the length of time since smoking cessation period and insulin resistance in asymptomatic Korean male ex-smokers. Methods. A total of 851 male adults were included in this study. We considered several factors that can affect insulin resistance, and through multiple linear regression analysis, we assessed the effect the length of time since smoking cessation on insulin resistance in ex-smokers. Insulin resistance was represented as the insulin resistance index estimated by homeostasis model assessment. Results. HOMA-IR values showed a statistically significant negative correlation with the length of time since smoking cessation in ex-smokers. After performing multiple linear regression analysis using factors that could potentially influence insulin resistance, we found that waist circumference and the length of time since smoking cessation were independent predictors of HOMA-IR in asymptomatic male ex-smokers. Conclusion. The longer the smoking cessation period, the more the insulin resistance tended to decrease in asymptomatic Korean male ex-smokers.





Autor: Ko-Woon Kim, Sung-Goo Kang, Sang-Wook Song, Na-Rae Kim, Jun-Seung Rho, and Yun-Ah Lee

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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