Efficiency of antenatal care and childbirth services in selected primary health care facilities in rural Tanzania: a cross-sectional studyReport as inadecuate

Efficiency of antenatal care and childbirth services in selected primary health care facilities in rural Tanzania: a cross-sectional study - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Health Services Research

, 14:96

Health systems and services in low and middle income settings


BackgroundCost studies are paramount for demonstrating how resources have been spent and identifying opportunities for more efficient use of resources. The main objective of this study was to assess the actual dimension and distribution of the costs of providing antenatal care ANC and childbirth services in selected rural primary health care facilities in Tanzania. In addition, the study analyzed determining factors of service provision efficiency in order to inform health policy and planning.

MethodsThis was a retrospective quantitative cross-sectional study conducted in 11 health centers and dispensaries in Lindi and Mtwara rural districts. Cost analysis was carried out using step down cost accounting technique. Unit costs reflected efficiency of service provision. Multivariate regression analysis on the drivers of observed relative efficiency in service provision between the study facilities was conducted. Reported personnel workload was also described.

ResultsThe health facilities spent on average 7 USD per capita in 2009. As expected, fewer resources were spent for service provision at dispensaries than at health centers. Personnel costs contributed a high approximate 44% to total costs. ANC and childbirth consumed approximately 11% and 12% of total costs; and 8% and 10% of reported service provision time respectively. On average, unit costs were rather high, 16 USD per ANC visit and 79.4 USD per childbirth. The unit costs showed variation in relative efficiency in providing the services between the health facilities. The results showed that efficiency in ANC depended on the number of staff, structural quality of care, process quality of care and perceived quality of care. Population-staff ratio and structural quality of basic emergency obstetric care services highly influenced childbirth efficiency.

ConclusionsDifferences in the efficiency of service provision present an opportunity for efficiency improvement. Taking into consideration client heterogeneity, quality improvements are possible and necessary. This will stimulate utilization of ANC and childbirth services in resource-constrained health facilities. Efficiency analyses through simple techniques such as measurement of unit costs should be made standard in health care provision, health managers can then use the performance results to gauge progress and reward efficiency through performance based incentives.

KeywordsAntenatal care Childbirth Cost Unit cost Quality Efficiency Rural area Tanzania Health care provider AbbreviationsANCAntenatal care

BEmOCBasic emergency obstetric care

DMODistrict medical officer

EPIExpanded program on immunization

IMRInfant mortality rate

MNCMaternal and newborn care

SDCAStep-down cost accounting

URTUnited Republic of Tanzania

USDUnited States Dollar

WHOWorld Health Organization.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6963-14-96 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Download fulltext PDF

Author: Happiness P Saronga - Els Duysburgh - Siriel Massawe - Maxwell A Dalaba - Germain Savadogo - Pencho Tonchev - Hengjin Don

Source: https://link.springer.com/

Related documents