Understanding the drive to escort: a cross-sectional analysis examining parental attitudes towards children’s school travel and independent mobilityReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Public Health

, 12:862

Health behavior, health promotion and society


BackgroundThe declining prevalence of Active School Transportation AST has been accompanied by a decrease in independent mobility internationally. The objective of this study was to compare family demographics and AST related perceptions of parents who let their children walk unescorted to-from school to those parents who escort walk and drive their children to-from school. By comparing these groups, insight was gained into how we may encourage greater AST and independent mobility in youth living in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area, Canada.

MethodsThis study involved a cross-sectional design, using data from a self-reported questionnaire n =1,016 that examined parental perceptions and attitudes regarding AST. A multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to explore the differences between households where children travelled independently to school or were escorted.

ResultsFindings revealed that unescorted children were: significantly older, the families spoke predominantly English at home, more likely to live within one kilometer from school, and their parents agreed to a greater extent that they chose to reside in the current neighborhood in order for their child to walk to-from school. The parents of the escorted children worried significantly more about strangers and bullies approaching their child as well as the traffic volume around school.

ConclusionsFrom both a policy and research perspective, this study highlights the value of distinguishing between mode i.e., walking or driving and travel independence. For policy, our findings highlight the need for planning decisions about the siting of elementary schools to include considerations of the impact of catchment size on how children get to-from school. Given the importance of age, distance, and safety issues as significant correlates of independent mobility, research and practice should focus on the development and sustainability of non-infrastructure programs that alleviate parental safety concerns.

KeywordsIndependent mobility Active school transportation Unescorted-escorted children Physical activity School travel Walking school bus AbbreviationsPAPhysical activity

ASTActive school transportation

GTHAGreater Toronto and Hamilton Area.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-12-862 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: George Mammen - Guy Faulkner - Ron Buliung - Jennifer Lay

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/

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