Alcohol environment, gender and nonfatal injuries in young people. An ecological study of fourteen Swedish municipalities 2000–2005Reportar como inadecuado




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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

, 7:36

First Online: 21 August 2012Received: 17 January 2012Accepted: 14 August 2012DOI: 10.1186-1747-597X-7-36

Cite this article as: Dale, R.A., Hasselberg, M., Petzold, M. et al. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2012 7: 36. doi:10.1186-1747-597X-7-36

Abstract

BackgroundSweden has had a restrictive alcohol policy, but there are gender and geographical differences in alcohol consumption and injury rates within the country. Whether and how the Swedish alcohol environment influences gender differences in injuries in young people is still unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyse the associations between the local alcohol environment and age- and gender-specific nonfatal injury rates in people up to 24 years in Sweden.

MethodsThe local alcohol environment from 14 municipalities was studied using indicators of alcohol access, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related crimes. A comprehensive health care register of nonfatal injuries was used to estimate mean annual rates of nonfatal injuries by gender and age group 2000–2005. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were used to analyse linear associations.

ResultsAssociations were shown for both alcohol access and alcohol consumption with injury rates in boys aged 13–17 years; no other associations were observed between alcohol access or per capita alcohol consumption and nonfatal childhood injuries. The prevalence of crimes against alcohol laws was associated with injury rates in children of both genders aged 6–17 years.

ConclusionsThis study found no strong area-level associations between alcohol and age and gender specific nonfatal injuries in young people. Further, the strength of the area-level associations varied by age, gender and type of indicator used to study the local alcohol environment.

KeywordsChildren Young adults Alcohol access Per capita alcohol consumption Crimes against alcohol laws Nonfatal injuries Sweden Municipality level Gender Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1747-597X-7-36 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Richard A Dale - Marie Hasselberg - Max Petzold - Gunnel Hensing

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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