A new mutation of the PCNT gene in a Colombian patient with microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II: a case reportReportar como inadecuado




A new mutation of the PCNT gene in a Colombian patient with microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II: a case report - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Journal of Medical Case Reports

, 8:191

First Online: 13 June 2014Received: 08 January 2014Accepted: 27 February 2014DOI: 10.1186-1752-1947-8-191

Cite this article as: Pachajoa, H., Ruiz-Botero, F. & Isaza, C. J Med Case Reports 2014 8: 191. doi:10.1186-1752-1947-8-191

Abstract

IntroductionMicrocephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism is a syndrome characterized by the presence of intrauterine growth restriction, post-natal growth deficiency and microcephaly. Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II is the most distinctive syndrome in this group of entities. Individuals affected by this disease present at an adult height of less than 100cm, a post-pubertal head circumference of 40cm or less, mild mental retardation, an outgoing personality and bone dysplasia.

Case presentationWe report the first case of a five-year-old Colombian boy of mixed race ancestry mestizo, with clinical features of microcephaly, prominent and narrow nose, arched palate, amelogenesis imperfecta, short stature, tall and narrow pelvis, disproportionate shortening of fore-arms and legs, and mild coxa vara. Analysis of the PCNT gene by sequencing showed the presence of a nucleotide change in exon 10, c. 1468C>T, evidencing a new mutation not reported in the literature for microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism.

ConclusionThe new mutation identified in this case could be associated with the severity of the phenotypic expression of the disease, resulting in the extreme short stature of the patient. Further studies are required to reach an explanation that can justify such findings, and it is vital to emphasize the importance of detection and follow-up by the epidemiological surveillance groups in birth defects and rare diseases.

KeywordsMicrocephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism Birth defects Primordial dwarfism AbbreviationsMOPDMicrocephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism

cDNAComplementary deoxyribonucleic acid

CTComputed tomography

PCRPolymerase chain reaction

mRNAMessenger Ribonucleic acid

PCNTPericentrine gene.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1752-1947-8-191 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Harry Pachajoa - Felipe Ruiz-Botero - Carolina Isaza

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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