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BMC Public Health

, 12:448

First Online: 18 June 2012Received: 04 November 2011Accepted: 06 June 2012DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-12-448

Cite this article as: Rognmo, K., Torvik, F.A., Ask, H. et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12: 448. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-12-448


BackgroundThe degree to which parental alcohol abuse is a risk factor for offspring mental distress is unclear, due to conflicting results of previous research. The inconsistencies in previous findings may be related to sample characteristics and lack of control of confounding or moderating factors. One such factor may be the gender of the abusing parent. Also, other factors, such as parental mental health, divorce, adolescent social network, school functioning or self-esteem, may impact the outcome. This study examines the impact of maternal and paternal alcohol abuse on adolescent mental distress, including potentially confounding, mediating or moderating effects of various variables.

MethodsData from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study HUNT, a Norwegian population based health survey, from 4012 offspring and their parents were analyzed. Parental alcohol abuse was measured by numerical consumption indicators and CAGE, whereas offspring mental distress was measured by SCL-5, an abbreviated instrument tapping symptoms of anxiety and depression. Statistical method was analysis of variance.

ResultsMaternal alcohol abuse was related to offspring mental distress, whereas no effect could be shown of paternal alcohol abuse. Effects of maternal alcohol abuse was partly mediated by parental mental distress, offspring social network and school functioning. However, all effects were relatively small.

ConclusionsThe results indicate graver consequences for offspring of alcohol abusing mothers compared to offspring of alcohol abusing fathers. However, small effect sizes suggest that adolescent offspring of alcohol abusing parents in general manage quite well.

KeywordsMaternal-paternal alcohol abuse Mental distress Families Anxiety-depression Population study Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-12-448 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Kamilla Rognmo - Fartein Ask Torvik - Helga Ask - Espen Røysamb - Kristian Tambs


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