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Tobacco Induced Diseases

, 10:7

First Online: 21 May 2012Received: 05 December 2011Accepted: 29 March 2012DOI: 10.1186-1617-9625-10-7

Cite this article as: Fernández, J.A.F., Prats, J.M., Artero, J.V.M. et al. Tob. Induced Dis. 2012 10: 7. doi:10.1186-1617-9625-10-7

Abstract

BackgroundSmoking has been linked to low-grade systemic inflammation, a known risk factor for disease. This state is reflected in elevated white blood cell WBC count.

ObjectiveWe analyzed the relationship between WBC count and smoking in healthy men and women across several age ranges who underwent preventive medical check-ups in the workplace. We also analysed the relationship between smoking and lung function.

MethodsCross-sectional descriptive study in 163 459 men and 59 382 women aged between 16 and 70 years. Data analysed were smoking status, WBC count, and spirometry readings.

ResultsTotal WBC showed higher counts in both male and female smokers, around 1000 to 1300 cell-ml t test, P < 0.001. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second FEV1% was higher in nonsmokers for both sexes between 25 to 54 years t test, P < 0.001. Analysis of covariance showed a multiple variable effect of age, sex, smoking status, body mass index on WBC count. The relationship between WBC blood count and smoking status was confirmed after the sample was stratified for these variables. Smokers with airway obstruction measured by FEV1% were found to have higher WBC counts, in comparison to smokers with a normal FEV1% among similar age and BMI groups.

ConclusionsSmoking increases WBC count and affects lung function. The effects are evident across a wide age range, underlining the importance of initiating preventive measures as soon as an individual begins to smoke.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1617-9625-10-7 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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