Gender-based differences in the high-risk sexual behaviours of young people aged 15-29 in Melilla Spain: a cross-sectional studyReportar como inadecuado

Gender-based differences in the high-risk sexual behaviours of young people aged 15-29 in Melilla Spain: a cross-sectional study - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

BMC Public Health

, 14:745

Health behavior, health promotion and society


BackgroundResearch confirms the existence of gender-based differences regarding the high-risk sexual behaviour non-use of condoms and casual partners of young men and women. The objectives were to provide evidence for this association; to analyse the reasons why both sexes have sexual relations with casual partners and to ascertain the motives for condom use or non-use during casual sex.

MethodsA cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 900 participants, 524 males and 376 females. All participants were 15-29 20.93 ± 4.071 years of age and came from four different centres a university, two secondary schools, and a military base in Melilla Spain. The participants were given a socio-demographic survey as well as a psychometric text on high-risk sexual behaviour.

ResultsThe results found gender-based significant differences for sexual relations with penetration p = 0.001, number of sexual partners p = 0.001, and sexual relations with casual partners p = 0.001. In all of these variables, male participants had higher percentages than female participants. Reasons for having casual sexual relations were also different for men and women, differences were found for the items, opportunity p = 0.001, interest in knowing the other person p = 0.015, physical excitement p = 0.056 and drug consumption p = 0.059. Regarding the reasons for consistent condom use with casual partners, there were differences for the item, my demand of a condom p = 0.002. For the non-use of condoms with casual partners, differences were found for the items, I do not like to use condoms p = 0.001 and condoms lessen sensitivity and reduce pleasure p = 0.009.

ConclusionsMen and women were found to have different high-risk sexual behaviours and practices. Of the motives for having sexual relations with casual partners, male participants considered opportunity and interest in knowing the other person to be more important than the female participants. Regarding condom use, the female participants’ demand to use a condom was a significant gender-based difference. In contrast to the young women, the male participants mostly justified not using a condom because it lessened sensitivity and reduced pleasure.

KeywordsGender Sexual behaviour Risk behaviour Young people AbbreviationsHIVHuman immunodeficiency virus

STISexually transmitted infections

UNEDNational Distance Education University

INENational Institute of Statistics.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-14-745 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Esperanza Romero-Estudillo, Emilio González-Jiménez contributed equally to this work.

Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Esperanza Romero-Estudillo - Emilio González-Jiménez - María C Mesa-Franco - Inmaculada García-García


Documentos relacionados