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Abstract

Using population census data, this paper examines the causal effect of childbearing on married women-s labor force participation in urban China. To ameliorate the endogeneity of fertility, we exploit twin births as the instrument for the number of children. While the ordinary least squares estimates indicate that having one more child reduces female labor force participation by 6.7% and 8.5% in 1990 and 2000 respectively, the instrumental variable estimates suggest very small and insignificant effects for both years.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Fertility and Female Labor Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China-

Language: English-

Keywords: Female labor force participation, Fertility, One-Child Policy-

Subjects: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility ; Family Planning ; Child Care ; Children ; YouthJ - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J21 - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure-





Autor: He, Xiaobo

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/44552/







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