Difference of the associations between self-rated health and demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and psychosocial work environment between two types of Chinese worksiteReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 14:851

Environmental health

Abstract

BackgroundAlthough studies of self-rated health SRH are conducted widely in developed countries, comprehensive assessments of the determinants of SRH in Chinese are scarce, particularly for working Chinese individuals. Determinants of SRH might differ among worksites based on differences in the nature and stress associated with different jobs, work intensity, and the lifestyles of employees.

MethodsTwo thousand and forty questionnaires that addressed SRH, demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and the psychosocial work environment were administered to employees at two worksites. A total of 1644 subjects provided complete data for analysis 80.6% response rate.

ResultsParticipants from government departments had significantly better SRH than did those from high-tech enterprises 61.1% vs. 67.5%, respectively. Lifestyles were significantly less healthy at government departments compared with high-tech enterprises, whereas the psychosocial work environment was better. The results of unadjusted and adjusted models revealed differences between the potential health-influencing factors of participants based on their type of worksite. In logistic regression models, gender was strongly associated with SRH in all participants, whereas length of service was correlated with SRH only in participants from high-tech enterprises. In high-tech enterprises, good SRH was less common in physically inactive subjects vs. physically active participants OR = 0.561. In government departments, passive smoking was negatively associated with SRH significantly. Social capital OR = 1.073 and job control OR = 1.550 were positively correlated with SRH in high-tech enterprises. Job control was the only psychosocial factor significantly associated with SRH in government departments.

ConclusionsParticipants from different types of worksite reported different SRH, healthy lifestyles, and psychosocial work environments. Moreover, the association between SRH and demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and the psychosocial work environment significantly differed by type of worksite.

KeywordsSelf-rated health Demographic characteristics Lifestyle Psychosocial work environment Type of worksite AbbreviationsSRHSelf-rated health

IPAQInternational Physical Activity Questionnaire

SPSSStatistical Package for Social Sciences.

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Autor: Yingnan Jia - Junling Gao - Junming Dai - Pinpin Zheng - Xiaoyu Wu - Guangyao Li - Hua Fu

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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