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BMC Public Health

, 10:302

First Online: 02 June 2010Received: 05 February 2010Accepted: 02 June 2010DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-10-302

Cite this article as: Montero-Marín, J. & García-Campayo, J. BMC Public Health 2010 10: 302. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-10-302

Abstract

BackgroundBurnout syndrome has been clinically characterised by a series of three subtypes: frenetic, underchallenged and worn-out, with reference to coping strategies for stress and frustration at work with different degrees of dedication. The aims of the study are to present an operating definition of these subtypes in order to assess their reliability and convergent validity with respect to a standard burnout criterion and to examine differences with regard to sex and the temporary nature of work contracts.

MethodAn exploratory factor analysis was performed by the main component method on a range of items devised by experts. The sample was composed of 409 employees of the University of Zaragoza, Spain. The reliability of the scales was assessed with Cronbach-s α, convergent validity in relation to the Maslach Burnout Inventory with Pearson-s r, and differences with Student-s t-test and the Mann-Whitney U test.

ResultsThe factorial validity and reliability of the scales were good. The subtypes presented relations of differing degrees with the criterion dimensions, which were greater when dedication to work was lower. The frenetic profile presented fewer relations with the criterion dimensions while the worn-out profile presented relations of the greatest magnitude. Sex was not influential in establishing differences. However, the temporary nature of work contracts was found to have an effect: temporary employees exhibited higher scores in the frenetic profile p < 0.001, while permanent employees did so in the underchallenged p = 0.018 and worn-out p < 0.001 profiles.

ConclusionsThe classical Maslach description of burnout does not include the frenetic profile; therefore, these patients are not recognised. The developed questionnaire may be a useful tool for the design and appraisal of specific preventive and treatment approaches based on the type of burnout experienced.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-10-302 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Jesús Montero-Marín - Javier García-Campayo

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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