Plasma Treatment of Agave Fiber Powder and Its Effect on the Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Composites Based on PolyethyleneReport as inadecuate




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International Journal of Polymer Science - Volume 2016 2016, Article ID 2807915, 7 pages -

Research Article

Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada CIQA, Blvd. Enrique Reyna H. 140, 25294 Saltillo, COAH, Mexico

CONACYT, Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Blvd. Enrique Reyna H. 140, 25294 Saltillo, COAH, Mexico

Universidad Politécnica de Pachuca UPP, Carretera Pachuca-Cd., Sahagún km. 20, Rancho Luna S-N, 43830 Zempoala, HGO, Mexico

Received 6 September 2016; Revised 16 November 2016; Accepted 29 November 2016

Academic Editor: Nabil Ibrahim

Copyright © 2016 Florentino Soriano Corral et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Composites based on low-density polyethylene LDPE were prepared with Agave fiber powder AFP that was coated by plasma polymerization process using ethylene gas. Treated and pristine AFP were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and contact water angle for the assessment of surface properties. The polymer composites were prepared by melt mixing using 0, 5, 10, and 20 wt% of AFP and their mechanical and thermal properties were measured. Dispersion evaluation in water confirmed that the AFP treated changed from hydrophilic to hydrophobic behavior and it was also corroborated with water contact angle tests. The addition of treated and untreated AFP 200 mesh at 20 wt% promotes an increase of Young’s modulus of the composites of up to 60% and 32%, respectively, in relation to the neat matrix. Also, an increase of crystallinity of LDPE was observed by the addition of treated and untreated AFP; however no significant effect on the crystallization temperature was observed in LDPE containing AFP.





Author: Florentino Soriano Corral, Luis Antonio Calva Nava, Ernesto Hernández Hernández, José Francisco Hernández Gámez, María G

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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