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International Journal of Health Geographics

, 9:7

First Online: 12 February 2010Received: 02 November 2009Accepted: 12 February 2010DOI: 10.1186-1476-072X-9-7

Cite this article as: Hoffman, K., Webster, T.F., Weinberg, J.M. et al. Int J Health Geogr 2010 9: 7. doi:10.1186-1476-072X-9-7

Abstract

The spatial variability of three indicators of learning and developmental disability LDD was assessed for Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Maternal reports of receiving special education services, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and educational attainment were available for a birth cohort from 1969-1983. Using generalized additive models and residential history, maps of the odds of LDD were produced that also controlled for known risk factors. While results were not statistically significant, they suggest that children living in certain parts of Cape Cod were more likely to have a LDD. The spatial variation may be due to variation in the physical and social environment.

List of AbbreviationsAICAkaike-s Information Criterion

ADDattention deficit disorder

ADHDattention deficit hyperactivity disorder

DSMDiagnostic Statistical Manual

GAMsgeneralized additive models

GISgeographical information systems

HDhyperactive disorder

IEPindividualized education plan

LDDlearning and developmental disability

loesslocally weighted regression smoother

ORodds ratio

PCBspolychlorinated biphenyls

PCEtetrachloroethylene.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1476-072X-9-7 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Kate Hoffman - Thomas F Webster - Janice M Weinberg - Ann Aschengrau - Patricia A Janulewicz - Roberta F White - Veróni

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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