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Tobacco Induced Diseases

, 5:16

First Online: 18 December 2009Received: 23 September 2009Accepted: 18 December 2009DOI: 10.1186-1617-9625-5-16

Cite this article as: Aljarrah, K., Ababneh, Z.Q. & Al-Delaimy, W.K. Tob. Induced Dis. 2009 5: 16. doi:10.1186-1617-9625-5-16

Abstract

IntroductionTobacco cigarette smoking a well-known cause of cancer and other diseases. Hookah smoking is another form of tobacco use that has rapidly spread in the United State and Europe. This study assessed beliefs about the harmfulness of smoking hookah.

MethodsWe surveyed hookah users in all cafes that provided hookah to its customers in downtown San Diego, California and nearby areas. A total of 235 hookah users participated in this study.

ResultsAverage age of study participants was 22 years, 57% were males, and 72% were not cigarette smokers. Whites were more likely to use hookah than the other ethnic groups 33%, older hookah users 26-35 years were mostly males, and mint flavor of hookah tobacco was the most popular among a wide variety of flavors 23%. There was no significant difference in gender in relation to the wrong perception that hookah is less harmful than cigarettes, but those of Asian ethnicity were much less likely than other ethnic groups to believe that hookah is less harmful than cigarettes. More frequent users of hookah were more likely to believe that hookah is less harmful than cigarettes. The majority of hookah users 58.3% believe hookah is less harmful than cigarette smoking.

DiscussionCompared to cigarettes, there appears to be a lack of knowledge about the harmfulness of smoking hookah among users regardless of their demographic background. Education about the harmfulness of smoking hookah and policies to limit its use should be implemented to prevent the spread of this new form of tobacco use.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1617-9625-5-16 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Khaled Aljarrah - Zaid Q Ababneh - Wael K Al-Delaimy

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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