Work-related ocular events among Nigerian dental surgeonsReportar como inadecuado

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Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

, 27:10

First Online: 20 March 2015Received: 18 September 2014Accepted: 25 February 2015DOI: 10.1186-s40557-015-0060-5

Cite this article as: Azodo, C.C. & Ezeja, E.B. Ann of Occup and Environ Med 2015 27: 10. doi:10.1186-s40557-015-0060-5


ObjectiveDaily clinical activities in dental operatory expose dental surgeons to varied forms of ocular events. The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of ocular splashes and foreign bodies among dental surgeons in Nigeria.

MethodsThis questionnaire-based cross-sectional of dental surgeons in Southern Nigeria was conducted between September 2010 and August 2011. The information elicited were demography, experience and type of ocular event, implicated dental procedure and action taken.

ResultsOf the 185 studied, 148 of them responded. Of these 148 respondents, 56 37.8% reported foreign body, 18 12.2% splash, 33 22.3% both foreign body and splash while 41 27.7% reported no ocular event. It therefore means that the overall prevalence of ocular events among the respondents was 107 72.3%. The prevalence of ocular events was significantly associated with age p = 0.014, years of practice p = 0.033 and safety eye goggle use p = 0.023. The main dental procedures implicated in the ocular events among the respondents were scaling 77 72.0%, tooth-cavity preparation 17 15.9%, polishing 11 10.3% and forcep tooth extraction 10 9.3%. The major implicated aetiological agents in the ocular events were calculus 74 69.2%, saliva 29 27.1%, mixed blood and saliva 19 17.8%, tooth particles 15 14.0% and blood 9 8.4%. The predominant action taken by the respondents was to rinse the eye under running water 89 83.2%.

ConclusionOcular splash and foreign body events are high among dental surgeons in Nigeria. Age, years of practice and safety eye goggles wear were also found to be associated with ocular events. Eye safety awareness is therefore deemed a necessity for dental surgeon in Southern Nigeria.

KeywordsOcular splashes Foreign bodies Work-related Dental procedures Dental surgeons  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Clement C Azodo - Ejike B Ezeja


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