Policy implications of medical tourism development in destination countries: revisiting and revising an existing framework by examining the case of JamaicaReport as inadecuate

Policy implications of medical tourism development in destination countries: revisiting and revising an existing framework by examining the case of Jamaica - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Globalization and Health

, 11:29

First Online: 04 July 2015Received: 09 October 2014Accepted: 15 June 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12992-015-0113-0

Cite this article as: Johnston, R., Crooks, V.A. & Ormond, M. Global Health 2015 11: 29. doi:10.1186-s12992-015-0113-0


BackgroundMedical tourism is now targeted by many hospitals and governments worldwide for further growth and investment. Southeast Asia provides what is perhaps the best documented example of medical tourism development and promotion on a regional scale, but interest in the practice is growing in locations where it is not yet established. Numerous governments and private hospitals in the Caribbean have recently identified medical tourism as a priority for economic development. We explore here the projects, activities, and outlooks surrounding medical tourism and their anticipated economic and health sector policy implications in the Caribbean country of Jamaica. Specifically, we apply Pocock and Phua’s previously-published conceptual framework of policy implications raised by medical tourism to explore its relevance in this new context and to identify additional considerations raised by the Jamaican context.

MethodsEmploying case study methodology, we conducted six weeks of qualitative fieldwork in Jamaica between October 2012 and July 2013. Semi-structured interviews with health, tourism, and trade sector stakeholders, on-site visits to health and tourism infrastructure, and reflexive journaling were all used to collect a comprehensive dataset of how medical tourism in Jamaica is being developed. Our analytic strategy involved organizing our data within Pocock and Phua’s framework to identify overlapping and divergent issues.

ResultsMany of the issues identified in Pocock and Phua’s policy implications framework are echoed in the planning and development of medical tourism in Jamaica. However, a number of additional implications, such as the involvement of international development agencies in facilitating interest in the sector, cyclical mobility of international health human resources, and the significance of health insurance portability in driving the growth of international hospital accreditation, arise from this new context and further enrich the original framework.

ConclusionsThe framework developed by Pocock and Phua is a flexible common reference point with which to document issues raised by medical tourism in established and emerging destinations. However, the framework’s design does not lend itself to explaining how the underlying health system factors it identifies work to facilitate medical tourism’s development or how the specific impacts of the practice are likely to unfold.

KeywordsJamaica Medical tourism Health services Health policy Qualitative methods International medical travel Trade in health services Caribbean  Download fulltext PDF

Author: Rory Johnston - Valorie A. Crooks - Meghann Ormond

Source: https://link.springer.com/

Related documents