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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

, 10:30

First Online: 06 August 2015Received: 12 May 2015Accepted: 24 July 2015DOI: 10.1186-s13011-015-0027-0

Cite this article as: Hartzler, B. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2015 10: 30. doi:10.1186-s13011-015-0027-0


BackgroundCommunity dissemination of empirically-supported behavior therapies is fostered by collaborative design, a joint process pooling expertise of purveyors and treatment personnel to contextualize a therapy for sustainable use. The adaptability of contingency management renders it an exemplary therapy to model this collaborative design process.

MethodsAt conclusion of an implementation-effectiveness hybrid trial conducted at an opiate treatment program, a group elicitation interview was conducted with the setting’s five managerial staff to cull qualitative impressions of a collaboratively-designed contingency management intervention after 90 days of provisional implementation in the setting. Two independent raters reviewed the audio-recording and conducted a phenomenological narrative analysis, extracting themes and selecting excerpts to correspond with innovation attributes i.e., relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability, observability of a well-known implementation science framework.

ResultsThis qualitative analysis suggested the intervention was regarded as: 1 cost-effective and clinically useful relative to prior practices, 2 a strong fit with existing service structure and staffing resources, 3 procedurally uncomplicated, with staff consistently implementing it as intended, 4 providing site-specific data to sufficiently inform decisions about its sustainment, and 5 offering palpable benefits to staff-patient interactions.

ConclusionsThe current work complements prior reports of positive implementation outcomes and intervention effectiveness for the parent trial, mapping qualitative managerial accounts of this contingency management intervention to a set of attributes thought to influence the speed and effectiveness with which an innovative practice is disseminated. Findings support the incorporation of collaborative design processes in future efforts to transport contingency management to the addiction treatment community.

KeywordsContingency management Collaborative design Behavior therapy dissemination AbbreviationsCMContingency management

OTPOpiate treatment program

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Autor: Bryan Hartzler


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