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Resumen

A review of activities and future prospects of nuclear energy in Chile is presented. Itshows that the development of this sector is closely linked to the history of the Chilean NuclearEnergy Commission, CCHEN, established in 1965. We can distinguish three stages in itsdevelopment: the installation, culminating at the beginning of 1974 with the La Reinaexperimental nuclear reactor went critical. Then a phase of consolidation, which reduces theactivity of scientific research and stresses the application, between the years 1974 and the endof the eighties, and finally the last twenty years, a stage of continuity marked by a loss ofimportance and leadership of the institution at the national level, despite having importantspecific initiatives in the 2000s, such as the successful development of fuel elements, theinstallation of a cyclotron that allows the execution of PET diagnosis for the first time in thecountry and the consolidation of a research laboratory on plasma and nuclear fusion. At presentthere is a consensus that nuclear sector in Chile needs to be placed in accordance with thedevelopment experienced by the country, and therefore requires a profound restructuring of theCCHEN, reviewing its vision, mission and work program. Here is a proposal in this regard.Nota general

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Autor: Gutiérrez Gallardo, Gonzalo; -

Fuente: http://repositorio.uchile.cl/



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