Incidence of Road Traffic Injury and Associated Factors among Patients Visiting the Emergency Department of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Teaching Hospital, Addis Ababa, EthiopiaReportar como inadecuado




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Emergency Medicine InternationalVolume 2014 2014, Article ID 439818, 6 pages

Research ArticleDepartment of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, North Gondar Administrative Zone, Gondar, Ethiopia

Received 7 February 2014; Revised 6 May 2014; Accepted 19 June 2014; Published 7 August 2014

Academic Editor: Chak W. Kam

Copyright © 2014 Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Road traffic injuries are a major public health issue. The problem is increasing in Africa. Objective. To assess the incidence of road traffic injury and associated factors among patients visiting the emergency department of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Teaching Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods. Institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted. A total of 356 systematically selected study subjects were included in the study. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to identify associated factors with road traffic injury. Odds ratios with 95% confidence interval were computed to determine the level of significance. Results. The incidence of road traffic injury in the emergency department of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Teaching Hospital was 36.8%. Being a farmer AOR = 3.3; 95% CI = 1.06–10.13, conflict with family members AOR = 7.7; 95% CI = 3.49–8.84, financial problem AOR = 9.91; 95% CI = 4.79–6.48, psychological problem AOR = 17.58; 95% CI = 7.70–12.14, and alcohol use AOR = 2.98; 95% CI = 1.61–5.27 were independently associated with road traffic injury. Conclusion and Recommendation. In this study the incidence of road traffic injury was high. Alcohol is one of the most significant factors associated with Road Traffic Injury. Thus urgent education on the effect of alcohol is recommended.





Autor: Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh, Berihun Assefa Dachew, and Berhanu Boru Bifftu

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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