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BMC Health Services Research

, 8:229

First Online: 07 November 2008Received: 07 August 2008Accepted: 07 November 2008DOI: 10.1186-1472-6963-8-229

Cite this article as: Miyata, H., Hashimoto, H., Horiguchi, H. et al. BMC Health Serv Res 2008 8: 229. doi:10.1186-1472-6963-8-229


ObjectiveIn-hospital mortality is an important performance measure for quality improvement, although it requires proper risk adjustment. We set out to develop in-hospital mortality prediction models for acute hospitalization using a nation-wide electronic administrative record system in Japan.

MethodsAdministrative records of 224,207 patients patients discharged from 82 hospitals in Japan between July 1, 2002 and October 31, 2002 were randomly split into preliminary 179,156 records and test 45,051 records groups. Study variables included Major Diagnostic Category, age, gender, ambulance use, admission status, length of hospital stay, comorbidity, and in-hospital mortality. ICD-10 codes were converted to calculate comorbidity scores based on Quan-s methodology. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was then performed using in-hospital mortality as a dependent variable. C-indexes were calculated across risk groups in order to evaluate model performances.

ResultsIn-hospital mortality rates were 2.68% and 2.76% for the preliminary and test datasets, respectively. C-index values were 0.869 for the model that excluded length of stay and 0.841 for the model that included length of stay.

ConclusionRisk models developed in this study included a set of variables easily accessible from administrative data, and still successfully exhibited a high degree of prediction accuracy. These models can be used to estimate in-hospital mortality rates of various diagnoses and procedures.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6963-8-229 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Hiroaki Miyata - Hideki Hashimoto - Hiromasa Horiguchi - Shinya Matsuda - Noboru Motomura - Shinichi Takamoto


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