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Abstract

This paper assesses the welfare impact of trade and technology diffusion as well as the change in the cross-country distribution of GDP due to removal of trade costs and diffusion barriers. The model extends the multi-country Ricardian trade model of Alvarez and Lucas 2007 to include technology diffusion with diffusion barriers. A key feature of the model is that some countries export goods produced by foreign technology via diffusion. The model is calibrated to match the world GDP distribution, the merchandise trade and technology diffusion shares of GDP, and real GDP per capita for a sample of 31 countries. Data on international trade in royalties, license fees, and information intensive services are used as proxies for international technology diffusion. There are three key findings. First, the welfare gains from removing diffusion barriers are 4-60% across countries, generally larger than the gains from removing trade costs 8-40%. The main reason is that diffusion has a larger impact on the nontradable sector due to the substitutability between trade and diffusion in the tradable sector. Another reason is that diffusion barriers are generally larger than trade costs. Second, removing trade costs and diffusion barriers has little impact on reducing the dispersion of real GDP per capita measured by Gini index across countries. Compared to the benchmark, free diffusion decreases the Gini by 4%, and free trade decreases the Gini by 2%. Third, removing diffusion barriers increases trade, which indicates that diffusion may enhance trade.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: International Trade, Technology Diffusion, and the Role of Diffusion Barriers-

English Title: International Trade, Technology Diffusion, and the Role of Diffusion Barriers-

Language: English-

Keywords: trade; technology diffusion; diffusion barriers; trade costs; welfare gains; GDP distribution; knowledge trade-

Subjects: F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic IntegrationO - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O11 - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic DevelopmentF - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F17 - Trade Forecasting and SimulationO - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences ; Diffusion ProcessesO - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity > O40 - General-





Autor: Li, Yao Amber

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/39409/



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