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Abstract

There is a growing recognition in the economic development literature that one of the major impediments togrowth and development in the next will be access to water. In recognition of this emerging problem, thepresent research aims to provide a formal link between water consumption and economic growth anddevelopment. This is accomplished by linking an econometric input-output model of the Northeast Brazileconomy to a water allocation model. The work can be considered as an important first step in placing waterallocation the policy-making agenda; additional steps will require links to issues of climate change and wateravailability, potential water transfers between regions and sectors and consideration of the way alternativedevelopment strategies can be proposed that are in harmony with water availability.The results revealed that water re-allocation played only an important role directly on the agricultural sectors,the major consumers of water in the Northeast of Brazil. Re-allocation was driven by an objective to maximizevalue added. Over the period 1999-2012, the impact on the six agricultural sectors was to reduce their outputand emp loyment by of 15% annually. The reduction in employment in the rest of the economy was a little over1% annually. However, since the agricultural sectors continue to employ a significant percentage of the laborforce, the aggregate loss of employment amo unted to 6% on average, over 1 million jobs annually.These initial results suggest the need for an active link between policy making and economic development whenresource constraints are present. Some balance has to be provided between allocation and reallocation on theone hand perhaps driven by concerns with economic efficiency against anticipated losses of employment forpart of the labor force with few other alternatives.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Impacts of reallocation of resource constraints on the northeast economy of Brazil-

English Title: Impacts of Reallocation of Resource Constraints on the Northeast Economy of Brazil-

Language: English-

Keywords: Brazil, water, input-output, stochastic linear programming-

Subjects: D - Microeconomics > D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium > D57 - Input-Output Tables and AnalysisR - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R15 - Econometric and Input-Output Models ; Other ModelsC - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6 - Mathematical Methods ; Programming Models ; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C67 - Input-Output ModelsQ - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q25 - Water-





Autor: Hewings, Geoffrey J.D.

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/38210/







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