Prevalence and risk factors of low back pain among operation room staff at a Tertiary Care Center, Makkah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional studyReportar como inadecuado

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Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

, 28:1

First Online: 29 January 2016Received: 13 September 2015Accepted: 05 January 2016DOI: 10.1186-s40557-016-0089-0

Cite this article as: Bin Homaid, M., Abdelmoety, D., Alshareef, W. et al. Ann of Occup and Environ Med 2016 28: 1. doi:10.1186-s40557-016-0089-0


BackgroundLow Back Pain LBP is the commonest musculoskeletal disorder and an important occupational hazard among healthcare workers HCWs that peaks among Operating Room OR staff. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors of low back pain among operating room OR staff in a tertiary healthcare center in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

MethodsA 39-item self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all available OR staff. Data about personal, sociodemographic, general risk factors OR specific risky activities, and LBP characteristics were obtained. Descriptive, crosstabs, and univariate and multivariate logistic regression tests were employed.

ResultsOut of the 143 distributed questionnaires, 84 % were received. LBP prevalence was 74.2 %. No statistically significant associations were detected between LBP and any of the general risk factors p >0.05. However, most of the OR risky activities were significantly associated with the occurrence of LBP p <0.05 e.g. lifting objects above the waist, rotating torso while bearing weight, transferring patients onto bed or chair, pulling a patient up the bed, and repositioning a patient in bed. These significant associations were preserved after adjustment for gender, perceived stress at work, educational level, and receiving education about LBP. Rest and analgesics were reported to be the most common relievers.

ConclusionsLBP is a common health issue among KAMC OR staff. OR risky activities were found to contribute to this problem. We suggest designing educational interventional programs to teach OR staff the best way to prevent this problem.

KeywordsMusculoskeletal pain Low back pain Healthcare worker Operating room staff AbbreviationsBMIBody Mass Index

CSSDCentral Sterile Supply Department

HCWHealthcare worker

IRBInstitutional Review Board

KAMCKing Abdullah Medical City

LBPLow Back Pain

OROperating Room

SDStandard Deviation

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Autor: Moath Bin Homaid - Doaa Abdelmoety - Waleed Alshareef - Amer Alghamdi - Fareed Alhozali - Naif Alfahmi - Wael Hafiz - Abdul


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