Using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient to Measure Autistic Traits in Anorexia Nervosa: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisReportar como inadecuado




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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 964–977

First Online: 05 November 2015DOI: 10.1007-s10803-015-2641-0

Cite this article as: Westwood, H., Eisler, I., Mandy, W. et al. J Autism Dev Disord 2016 46: 964. doi:10.1007-s10803-015-2641-0

Abstract

Interest in the link between Autism Spectrum Disorder ASD and Anorexia Nervosa AN has led to estimates of the prevalence of autistic traits in AN. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the use of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient AQ or abbreviated version AQ-10 to examine whether patients with AN have elevated levels of autistic traits. Seven studies were identified and subsequent meta-analysis indicated that those with AN appear to have significant difficulties of a manner characteristic of ASD, relative to controls. Whilst this analysis supports previous indications of higher prevalence of ASD in AN, the aetiology of these traits remains unclear. Studies using more robust clinical measures of ASD within AN are needed to confirm what self-report measures appear to show.

KeywordsAutism Systematic review Meta-analysis Anorexia Nervosa Autism-Spectrum Quotient Female  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Heather Westwood - Ivan Eisler - William Mandy - Jenni Leppanen - Janet Treasure - Kate Tchanturia

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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