Using a retrospective pretest instead of a conventional pretest is replacing biases: a qualitative study of cognitive processes underlying responses to thentest itemsReportar como inadecuado




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Quality of Life Research

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 1327–1337

First Online: 16 November 2015Accepted: 30 October 2015DOI: 10.1007-s11136-015-1175-4

Cite this article as: Taminiau-Bloem, E.F., Schwartz, C.E., van Zuuren, F.J. et al. Qual Life Res 2016 25: 1327. doi:10.1007-s11136-015-1175-4

Abstract

BackgroundThe thentest design aims to detect and control for recalibration response shift. This design assumes 1 more consistency in the content of the cognitive processes underlying patients’ quality of life QoL between posttest and thentest assessments than between posttest and pretest assessments; and 2 consistency in the time frame and description of functioning referenced at pretest and thentest. Our objective is to utilize cognitive interviewing to qualitatively examine both assumptions.

MethodsWe conducted think-aloud interviews with 24 patients with cancer prior to and after radiotherapy to elicit cognitive processes underlying their assessment of seven EORTC QLQ-C30 items at pretest, posttest and thentest. We used an analytic scheme based on the cognitive process models of Tourangeau et al. and Rapkin and Schwartz that yielded five cognitive processes. We subsequently used this input for quantitative analysis of count data.

ResultsContrary to expectation, the number of dissimilar cognitive processes between posttest and thentest was generally larger than between pretest and posttest across patients. Further, patients considered a range of time frames when answering the thentest questions. Moreover, patients’ description at the thentest of their pretest functioning was often not similar to that which was noted at pretest. Items referring to trouble taking a short walk, overall health and QoL were most often violating the assumptions.

ConclusionsBoth assumptions underlying the thentest design appear not to be supported by the patients’ cognitive processes. Replacing the conventional pretest–posttest design with the thentest design may simply be replacing one set of biases with another.

KeywordsResponse shift Quality of life Cancer Thentest Patient-reported outcomes Item level Cognitive processes Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1007-s11136-015-1175-4 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Elsbeth F. Taminiau-Bloem - Carolyn E. Schwartz - Florence J. van Zuuren - Margot A. Koeneman - Mechteld R. M. Visser

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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