Vasculature deprivation – induced osteonecrosis of the rat femoral head as a model for therapeutic trialsReportar como inadecuado

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Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling

, 2:24

First Online: 05 July 2005Received: 13 February 2005Accepted: 05 July 2005DOI: 10.1186-1742-4682-2-24

Cite this article as: Bejar, J., Peled, E. & Boss, J.H. Theor Biol Med Model 2005 2: 24. doi:10.1186-1742-4682-2-24


Experimental OsteonecrosisThe authors- experience with experimentally produced femoral capital osteonecrosis in rats is reviewed: incising the periosteum at the base of the neck of the femur and cutting the ligamentum teres leads to coagulation necrosis of the epiphysis. The necrotic debris is substituted by fibrous tissue concomitantly with resorption of the dead soft and hard tissues by macrophages and osteoclasts, respectively. Progressively, the formerly necrotic epiphysis is repopulated by hematopoietic-fatty tissue, and replaced by architecturally abnormal and biomechanically weak bone. The femoral heads lose their smooth-surfaced hemispherical shape in the wake of the load transfer through the hip joint such that, together with regressive changes of the joint cartilage and inflammatory-hyperplastic changes of the articular membrane, an osteoarthritis-like disorder ensues.

Therapeutic ChoicesDiverse therapeutic options are studied to satisfy the different opinions concerning the significance of diverse etiological and pathogenic mechanisms: 1. Exposure to hyperbaric oxygen. 2. Exposure to hyperbaric oxygen and non-weight bearing on the operated hip. 3. Medication with enoxaparin. 4. Reduction of intraosseous hypertension, putting to use a procedure aimed at core decompression, namely drilling a channel through the femoral head. 5. Medication with vascular endothelial growth factor with a view to accelerating revascularization. 6. Medication with zoledronic acid to decrease osteoclastic productivity such that the remodeling of the femoral head is slowed.

Glucocorticoid-related osteonecrosis appears to be apoptosis-related, thus differing from the vessel-deprivation-induced tissue coagulation found in idiopathic osteonecrosis. The quantities of TNF-α, RANK-ligand and osteoprotegerin are raised in glucocorticoid-treated osteoblasts so that the differentiation of osteoclasts is blocked. Moreover, the osteoblasts and osteocytes of the femoral cortex mostly undergo apoptosis after a lengthy period of glucocorticoid medication.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1742-4682-2-24 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Jacob Bejar - Eli Peled - Jochanan H Boss


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