Does Having Children Affect Adult Smoking Prevalence and Behaviours at HomeReport as inadecuate

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Tobacco Induced Diseases

, 1:175

First Online: 15 September 2003DOI: 10.1186-1617-9625-1-3-175

Cite this article as: Johansson, A., Halling, A. & The LinQuest Study Group Tob. Induced Dis. 2003 1: 175. doi:10.1186-1617-9625-1-3-175


BackgroundSmoking prevalence and smoking behaviours have changed in society and an increased awareness of the importance of protecting children from environmental tobacco smoke ETS is reported. The aim of this study was to find out if smoking prevalence and smoking behaviours were influenced by parenthood, and if differences in health-related quality of life differed between smoking and non-smoking parents.

MethodsQuestionnaires were sent to a randomly selected sample, including 1735 men and women 20–44 years old, residing in the south-east of Sweden. Participation rate was 78%. Analyses were done to show differences between groups, and variables of importance for being a smoker and an indoor smoker.

ResultsParenthood did not seem to be associated with lower smoking prevalence. Logistic regression models showed that smoking prevalence was significantly associated with education, gender and mental health. Smoking behaviour, as well as attitudes to passive smoking, seemed to be influenced by parenthood. Parents of dependent children 0–19 years old smoked outdoors significantly more than adults without children p < 0.01. Logistic regression showed that factors negatively associated with outdoor smoking included having immigrant status, and not having preschool children. Parents of preschool children found it significantly more important to keep the indoor environment smoke free than both parents with schoolchildren p = 0.02 and adults without children p < 0.001. Significant differences in self-perceived health-related quality of life indexes SF-36 were seen between smokers and non-smokers.

ConclusionAs smoking behaviour, but not smoking prevalence, seems to be influenced by parenthood, it is important to consider the effectiveness of commonly used precautions when children-s risk for ETS exposure is estimated.

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Author: AK Johansson - A Halling - The LinQuest Study Group


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