Organizing precarious spaces: An Actor- Network approach on FavelasReport as inadecuate




Organizing precarious spaces: An Actor- Network approach on Favelas - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 Estética, História, Memória e as Práticas Cotidianas nas Organizações

Abstract : For a considerable time the debate on space in the field of Management ofOrganization studies MOS has not had a central role Gagliardi, 1996; Yanow, 1998;Kornberger; Clegg, 2004; Hernes, 2004; Dale; Burrel, 2008. The intention of the so-called-spatial turn- movement is to revisit the issue of spaces and materiality in the social sciencesLefebvre, 1994; Soja, 1989; 1996; Massey, 1994, and how they are reflected in organizationstudies Van Marrewijk; Yanow, 2010; Clegg; Kornberger, 2006; Dale; Burrell, 2008.Therefore, different lines of research found themselves committed to addressing the issue oforganizational spaces – more specifically, in process epistemology and sociomateriality.Following this line of reasoning, the Actor-Network Theory ANT approach providesa theoretical and methodological strategy to the study on how the relations between humanand non-human actors are intertwined on networks, and what their effects are in terms oforganization. Initially, ANT studies were focused on the production of knowledge withinscience and technology laboratories, and were based on ethnographic studies Latour;Woolgar, 1979; Knorr-Cetina, 1981; Sismondo, 2004. It has evolved, however, into a studytool in different fields of knowledge. As such, urban assemblages Farías, 2011 may beconsidered an attempt to introduce ANT to the study of urban spaces. By acknowledgingcapitalism as an urban revolution set upon the expansion of urban spaces, Lefebvre-s positioncontributed to the debate over this epistemological turning point Farías, 2011. The way,then, the city is viewed leads to multiple ways of living in, and building, urban spaces. Theseways aspire to become -laboratories- that allow or limit the sphere of activity in whichdesigners, users, planners, people, conflicting needs and ideas are interpreted or developedCzarniwaska, Löfgren, 2012. Creative urban spaces are not merely designer projections.Sociologists and architects speak of -projective cities- Boltanski; Chiapello, 2005; Lee;Jacoby, 2011, and although the former focus on urban projections Lundin; Söderholm,1998, and the latter on cityscapes, both are closely connected. This gives rise to the idea thatanthropologists conceive cities as networks De Landa, 1994, in which a poor, anarchic selfmanagementcoexists with its structures and hierarchies.We looked at a specific favela, or Brazilian slum, as a black box – a generalizedimpression of that favela as a phenomenon detached from the remainder of society – in anattempt to understand its precarious spaces. The attempt also included questioning theassumptions about precarity, and an organization here is taken as -a seemingly stable entityfrom the outside, obscuring the precarious social relations that hold it together inside-Latour, 1987. In using the term, we will also attempt to indicate that -a network’s capacityto sustain an extreme alignment of its actors is precarious; networks are said to oscillatebetween a status of ‘actor’ and ‘network’.- Durepos & Mills, 2011.According to Mol & Law 1994, ANT provides an outlook on the concept of spacethat discusses many issues connected to multiple topologies, including: i regions, as anidentifiable, homogeneous set assigned to specific limits or defined territories; ii networks,which create regions, are composed of immutable movables when connecting elements; andiii fluids – spaces in which the boundaries of places are unclear and based on unstableconnections. Space, then, behaves as a -liquid continuity-, and entities may be similar anddissimilar at different locations Mol & Law, 1994.Under a different perspective, it is possible to see that the inequality parameters inperipheral urban areas, such as in Brazilian cities, can be measured from specific data: 80% ofthe Brazilian population, i.e., about 170 million people, live in the city, whereas 34.4% live inpoor housing areas, such as places lacking sanitation coverage and-or land ownership Abreu,2008. In 2016, which marks the city of Fortaleza’s – the capital of the state of Ceará – 290years of existence, an urban sprawl scenario is translated into social inequalities that denouncethe interests and projects which are stoked by the way its land is used and occupied.According to -State of the World Cities-, a recent 2012-2013 report published by the UN,the Ceará capital is among the five most unequal cities in the world: 7% of its wealthierneighborhoods retain 26% of the total personal income, i.e., of all the wealth produced in thecity.Only a few studies have used the Actor-Network Theory to discuss the issue of space,and only with management and organization approaches – in the context of Brazilian favelas,it remains unexplored. Considering this gap in the literature, this research will study primarilythe MISMEC-4 Varas organization 4 Varas Community’s Integrated Movement for MentalHealth and the adjacent urban areas on which it acts. The purpose, therefore, is to describethe actor networks that are active in MISMEC and its adjacent urban spaces, and to discussthe effects this organization has on the suburban neighborhood of Pirambu, located in the cityof Fortaleza, the capital of the Brazilian state of Ceará.

Keywords : Études organisationnelles





Author: Felipe Kaiser Fernandes - Ana Silvia Rocha Ipiranga -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents