Demographics, social position, dental status and oral health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adultsReport as inadecuate




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Quality of Life Research

, Volume 25, Issue 7, pp 1735–1742

First Online: 26 December 2015Accepted: 07 December 2015DOI: 10.1007-s11136-015-1209-y

Cite this article as: Rebelo, M.A.B., Cardoso, E.M., Robinson, P.G. et al. Qual Life Res 2016 25: 1735. doi:10.1007-s11136-015-1209-y

Abstract

PurposeTo identify demographic, socioeconomic and dental clinical predictors of oral health-related quality of life OHRQoL in elderly people.

MethodsCross-sectional study involving 613 elderly people aged 65–74 years in Manaus, Brazil. Interviews and oral examinations were carried out to collect demographic characteristics age and sex and socioeconomic data income and education, dental clinical measures DMFT, need of upper and lower dentures and OHRQoL GOHAI questionnaire. Structural equation modelling was used to estimate direct and indirect pathways between the variables.

ResultsBeing older predicted lower schooling but higher income. Higher income was linked to better dental status, which was linked to better OHRQoL. There were also indirect pathways. Age and education were linked to OHRQoL, mediated by clinical dental status. Income was associated with dental clinical status via education, and income predicted OHRQoL via education and clinical measures.

ConclusionOur findings elucidate the complex pathways between individual, environmental factors and clinical factors that may determine OHRQoL and support the application of public health approaches to improve oral health in older people.

KeywordsOral health Quality of life Elderly people Socioeconomic status Structural equation modelling  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Maria Augusta Bessa Rebelo - Evangeline Maria Cardoso - Peter G. Robinson - Mario Vianna Vettore

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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