Telemedicine-supported transition of stable coronary artery disease patients from tertiary to primary health care facilities: protocol for a randomized non-inferiority trialReport as inadecuate




Telemedicine-supported transition of stable coronary artery disease patients from tertiary to primary health care facilities: protocol for a randomized non-inferiority trial - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Health Services Research

, 16:227

Health systems and services in low and middle income settings

Abstract

BackgroundMany Brazilian patients with complex diseases who are treated in tertiary referral clinics have been stable for long periods. The main needs of these patients involve monitoring of risk factors and review of drug prescriptions, which could be satisfactorily done in primary care facilities. The goal of this protocol is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of telemedicine services to support the transition of patients with stable chronic coronary artery disease from the tertiary to the primary level of care.

Methods-designWe designed a randomized non-inferiority protocol that will include 280 patients with stable coronary artery disease for at least 12 months. Patients will be selected from the Ischemic Heart Disease Clinic in a tertiary care hospital in southern Brazil. Enrolled participants will be randomized into one of two groups: 12 months of follow-up at the same clinic; or 12 months of follow-up at a primary care facility with clinical support from a telemedicine platform including a toll-free line for physicians intervention group. In the intervention group, decisions to refer patients to tertiary care during follow-up will be made jointly by primary physicians and medical teleconsultants. The groups will be compared in terms of the primary outcome—maintenance of baseline functional class 1 or 2 after 12 months. Secondary outcomes include control of risk factors and instability of the disease.

DiscussionWe intend to determine the effectiveness of using telemedicine to qualify the transition of patients with chronic coronary disease from the tertiary to the primary level of care. This should facilitate the access of patients to the healthcare system, since care will be provided closer to their homes, and provide more opportunities for treatment of severe cases at tertiary care hospitals that are often overcrowded.

Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov # NCT02489565 – trial registration date May 13, 2015

KeywordsCoronary artery disease Telemedicine Randomized clinical trial  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Joanna d’Arc Lyra Batista - Mariana Vargas Furtado - Natan Katz - Milena Rodrigues Agostinho - Brasil Silva Neto - Ern

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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