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1 IRISA - Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systèmes Aléatoires

Abstract : The problem of minimal cost partial spanning trees is well known as the NP-complete Steiner problem in graphs. If there are constraints to respect by using some edges and nodes in the spanning structure or constraints on the required end to end QoS properties of the partial spanning structure, then the optimal structure can be different from a partial spanning tree. This paper present simple hierarchical spanning structures which correspond generally to the optimal solution. To illustrate the optimality of spanning hierarchies, two problems in communication networks, which are very usefull for multicast routing, are analyzed. In the first problem, the constraints are related to the physical capacity of the nodes in WDM networks. Namely, the analyzed example presents the case of sparse splitter nodes in optical networks. In the second example, the multi-constrained multicast routing is analyzed. In both cases, the optimal routing structure is a hierarchy. Since its computation is NP-complete, after the presentation of the computation difficulties some ideas on heuristic algorithms are discussed.

Keywords : spanning problems partial spanning trees optimization with constraints hierarchies minimal cost hierarchies networks multicast routing optical networks multiconstrained multicast routing Graph theory





Autor: Miklos Molnar -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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