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Implementation Science

, 11:92

First Online: 12 July 2016Received: 26 May 2016Accepted: 08 June 2016DOI: 10.1186-s13012-016-0453-z

Cite this article as: Eiraldi, R., Khanna, M.S., Jawad, A.F. et al. Implementation Sci 2015 11: 92. doi:10.1186-s13012-016-0453-z


BackgroundSchools present a context with great potential for the implementation of psychosocial evidence-based practices. Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT is an evidence-based practice that has been found to be very effective in treating anxiety in various community settings, including schools. Friends for Life FRIENDS is an efficacious group CBT protocol for anxiety. Unfortunately, evidence-based practices for anxiety are seldom employed in under-resourced urban schools, because many treatment protocols are not a good fit for the urban school context or the population, existing behavioral health staff do not receive adequate training or support to allow them to implement the treatment with fidelity, or school districts do not have the resources to contract with external consultants. In our prior work, we adapted FRIENDS to create a more culturally sensitive, focused, and feasible CBT protocol for anxiety disorders CBT for Anxiety Treatment in Schools CATS.

Methods-designThe aim of this 5-year study is to evaluate both the effectiveness of CATS for urban public schools compared to the original FRIENDS as well as compare the implementation strategies train-the-trainer vs. train-the-trainer + ongoing consultation by conducting a three-arm, parallel group, type 2 hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial in 18 K-8 urban public schools. We will also assess the cost-effectiveness and the mediators and moderators of fidelity. Ninety therapists, 18 agency supervisors, and 360 children will participate. The interactive systems framework for dissemination and implementation guides the training and support procedures for therapists and supervisors.

DiscussionThis study has the potential to demonstrate that agency therapists and supervisors who have had little to no prior exposure to evidence-based practices EBPs can implement an anxiety disorder EBP with fidelity. Comparisons of the implementation strategies would provide large urban mental health systems with data to make decisions about the adoption of EBPs.

Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02651402

KeywordsUrban schools Capacity building Effectiveness Implementation Hybrid trial Co-location model Group cognitive behavioral therapy Anxiety disorders  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Ricardo Eiraldi - Muniya S. Khanna - Abbas F. Jawad - Jessica Fishman - Henry A. Glick - Billie S. Schwartz - Jaclyn Ca

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/

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