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ISRN NutritionVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 426029, 8 pages

Research ArticleDepartment of Economics, California State University, Fullerton, 800 N. State College Boulevard, Fullerton, CA 92834-6848, USA

Received 21 April 2013; Accepted 5 June 2013

Academic Editors: H. Kalhoff, T. Kurose, R. Moore-Carrasco, and M. G. Nikolaidis

Copyright © 2013 Larry L. Howard. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This research analyses the longitudinal relationships between household food insecurity very low and low food security experiences and children’s consumption servings-week of fruit, green salad, carrots, potatoes, and other types of vegetables. Using a panel of 5,670 children aged 10–13 years who were first observed in spring 2004 and then again in spring 2007 at age 13–16 years, the main findings are as follows: first, children experiencing low food security consume significantly more fruit per week. In contrast, children experiencing very low food security consume significantly more carrots and potatoes per week, and estimates based on gender-stratified models indicate that the association is strongest among girls. Second, activity patterns are significantly related to children’s dietary patterns; physical exercise is positively associated with fruit, green salad, carrot, and other vegetables consumption, while television watching is positively associated with potato consumption. Overall, the findings suggest that children living in food insecure home environments consume a greater number of servings of fruits and vegetables per week, relative to children living in food secure home environments.

Autor: Larry L. Howard



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