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1 LGIT - Laboratoire de Géophysique Interne et Tectonophysique

Abstract : Laboratory experiments have been conducted on convection in a layered system. The system consists in two liquid layers of equal thickness. The liquids are immiscible : the upper one is silicon oil, and the lower one is glycerol. The structure of convection has been analysed, and data obtained both on the temperature field and the velocity field. It is shown that the coupling between the two convecting systems in « thermal », i.e. convection cells are superposed with uprising currents above uprisings. This result is surprising because it contradicts numerical experiments recently obtained for layered convection. These find « mechanical » coupling cells are superposed but turn in opposite senses to be the stable mode for the conditions we tried to reproduce in the laboratory. Several tests have been conducted in order to isolate the phenomenon which is responsible for the discrepancy between the two types of analyses. A tentative mechanism is proposed : it involves an equivalent interfacial longitudinal viscosity, whose origin is not yet clearly understood.

Mots-clés : convection in liquids viscosity of liquids





Author: H.C. Nataf - S. Moreno Ph. Cardin -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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