In Situ Experiment and Modelling of RC-Structure using Ambient vibration and Timoshenko BeamReport as inadecuate

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1 LGIT - Laboratoire de Géophysique Interne et Tectonophysique 2 DGCB-LGM - Laboratoire Géomatériaux 3 LCPC - Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées

Abstract : Recently, several experiments were reported using ambient vibration surveys in buildings to estimate the modal parameters of buildings. Their modal properties are full of relevant information concerning its dynamic behaviour in its elastic domain. The main scope of this paper is to determine relevant, though simple, beam modelling whose validity could be easily checked with experimental data. In this study, we recorded ambient vibrations in 3 buildings in Grenoble selected because of their vertical structural homogeneity. First, a set of recordings was done using a 18 channels digital acquisition system CityShark connected to six 3C Lennartz 5s sensors. We used the Frequency Domain Decomposition FDD technique to extract the modal parameters of these buildings. Second, it is shown in the following that the experimental quasi-elastic behaviour of such structure can be reduced to the behaviour of a vertical continuous Timoshenko beam. A parametric study of this beam shows that a bijective relation exists between the beam parameters and its eigenfrequencies distribution. Consequently, the Timoshenko beam parameters can be estimated from the experimental sequence of eigenfrequencies. Having the beam parameters calibrated by the in situ data, the reliability of the modelling is checked by complementary comparisons. For this purpose, the mode shapes and eigenfrequencies of higher modes are calculated and compared to the experimental data. A good agreement is also obtained. In addition, the beam model integrates in a very synthetic way the essential parameters of the dynamic behaviour.

Keywords : Ambient vibrations modal analysis Timoshenko beam frequency Grenoble

Author: Clotaire Michel - Stéphane Hans - Philippe Guéguen - Claude Boutin -



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